TURCATO GIULIO - Galleria Piero della Francesca



Giulio Turcato was born in Mantua in 1912. He moved to Venice in 1925 where he attended the Liceo Artistico and the Scuola Libera del Nudo, occasionally hindered by his family. He made his first paintings and participated in a group exhibition (1932). In 1934, during his military service in Palermo, he felt the first symptoms of a lung disease that would mark his existence. After settling in Milan in 1937, he was often ill, travelling around hospitals but managed to exhibit in a first solo exhibition. He drew in Muzio's architectural studio. He comes into contact with Corrente but does not adhere to it. In 1943 he established his residence in Rome. Although he was involved in the Resistance, he continued to paint. In 1945, together with Prampolini, Fazzini, Jarema, Savelli, Mafai, Corpora, Consagra, Perilli, he founded the Art Club and presented his works at the Gallerie Il Pincio, del Secolo, San Marco (1945). He signed the manifesto of the New Italian Artistic Secession and made a trip to Paris with Carla Accardi, Consagra and Sanfilippo with whom, together with Attardi, Dorazio, Guerrini and Perilli, he created the Forma 1 group. In 1947 he exhibited at the Galleria La Spiga in Milan with the Nuova Secessione, which then changed its name to Fronte Nuovo delle Arti (it was dissolved in 1948). Turcato joined the Group of Eight (born from a split of the Front), which theorized informal abstractionism. His work Miniera won him a prize at the Venice Biennale (he had already taken part in it and would participate in the 1952, 1956-1958, 1966-1968, 1972 editions; in 1984 he staged the performance Moduli in viola / Omaggio a Kandinsky, directed by Vana Caruso, his wife). The famous painting Comizio (1949) infuriates Togliatti because it is too abstract, but Turcato defends it as follows: "Actually the Comizio is a quite realistic painting; there are those kind of red triangles that represent the red flags that are the mass". As evidence of his political passion, works like Massacro al Napalm and Paesaggio Atomico follow. In 1950 he made a trip to Paris and in 1956 another one to Asia (Russia, China, India). He travelled to Morocco, Switzerland, Sweden and New York (1962). He visited Cairo, Luxor, Abu Simbel (1964), experiences that inspired the series of paintings Gates of Egypt. He stays in Nairobi (1970). Among the cycles of works, we point out the Archipelagos, the Lunar Landscapes, the Foam Rubber Itineraries, the Iridescents. He has solo exhibitions all over the world, including the Documenta exhibitions in Kassel and the Sao Paulo Biennale. Among the museums, he is at the MoMa in New York, the Pac fi Milano, the Staatsgalerie Moderner Kunst in Munich, the Musée de l'Athenée in Geneva, the Philadelphia Museum of Art and many others. He died in Rome in 1995.

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